Project COMB (Conventional and Organic Management of Bees) aims to determine the impacts of various management systems on honey bee colony health. Specifically, our goal is to do a side-by-side comparison of conventional, integrated pest management (IPM), and chemical free management systems to determine how beekeeping practices impact colony health and productivity, disease and pest tolerance, and how all of these factors impact beekeeping economics. In November 2017, we met with 27 stakeholders, ranging from hobbyists to commercial beekeepers, to develop the protocols for each management system (read more) based on their current practices. In April 2018, we will begin the experiment with the establishment of 288 colonies; 216 in Pennsylvania and 72 in West Virginia (see locations on map). Colonies will be managed and followed for two years. To measure colony health, we will sample colonies for various diseases and pests, including varroa mites, nosema, and various viruses. We will also measure and monitor colony status using metrics such as comb building, honey production, swarming behavior, bee immunity, and pesticide exposure. In addition, we will conduct an economic analysis quantitatively compare the costs and benefits of the different management systems. Our long-term goals are (1) to provide beekeepers with scientific information that helps them make informed decisions about their beekeeping practices, and (2) create standardized protocols for organic beekeeping management, which can support the development of a new market for organic honey bee products in the United States. Please stay tuned for updates and more information about the project.